By Dr. Emran from Simple Health Radio

Today’s question comes to us from Ricardo in Dallas. Ricardo asks: What causes gout?

Gout is a very painful type of arthritis.

Last year, over 8 million Americans suffered from an episode of gout. It is tremendously painful because it causes inflammation, pain, and swelling inside of a joint. Gout attacks can occur rapidly within just a few hours

Certain foods have high amounts of purine which cause the uric acid levels to increase in the blood. When the kidneys are unable to filter out the uric acid, it causes crystals to deposit in the joint, especially the toe, knee, or elbow.

Most gout attacks last from 3 to 10 days and people are miserable. Over-the-counter medicines are not usually strong enough to control the pain. Common medications included indomethacin, Toradol, colchicine, and prednisone. ¬†Most patients will get better within 24 to 48 hours. People who have frequent episodes of gout, even if they’re watching their diet and avoiding those things with high purines, will need to see a specialist and start taking allopurinol.

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