Over 25 million Americans have asthma, including 7 million children.
Some of the symptoms of asthma include:
• chest tightness
• shortness of breath
What are some types of asthma?
Asthma action plans are documents that help the patient and the doctor use inhalers and other medications to prevent serious asthma attacks. There are green, yellow, and red zones. Asthma action plans help people to stay healthy and avoid being in the emergency department.
Inhalers are portable and can be kept in up pocket, purse, or at school. These include the rescue inhalers like albuterol or is open next. They also include preventative medications which contain steroids such as Advair or Pulmicort.
A nebulizer is a machine that has to be plugged in but provides the same medications in an aerosol form. This can be given over 10-15 minutes and helps to penetrate deeper into the lungs. In the emergency department, nebulizers are always preferred.
Inhaled steroids are safe in children and adults. They do not affect the growth and do not have a significant risk of complications.
Oral steroids such as prednisone or injectable steroids are used only during severe attacks. These are not recommended for chronic use.
Asthma is linked with other conditions including atopic dermatitis, eczema, and allergic rhinitis. Often times treating one medical issue will actually help the others as well.
Unfortunately, people do die from asthma. Even patients are compliant with all of their preventative and rescue medications, a simple illness such as the flu or pneumonia can cause someone to become very sick.
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